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A semiring-based framework for the deduction/abduction reasoning in access control with weighted credentials

Research Area: Uncategorized Year: 2012
Type of Publication: Article
  • Bistarelli, Stefano
  • Martinelli, Fabio
  • Santini, Francesco
Journal: Computers & Mathematics with Applications
ISSN: 0898-1221
Journal's impact factor: 2.069
We present a variant of the Datalog language (we call it DatalogW), which is able to deal with weights on ground facts. The weights are chosen from a semiring algebraic structure. Our goal is to use this language as a semantic foundation for trust-management languages, in order to express trust relationships associated with a preference (e.g., a cost, an uncertainty, a trust or a fuzzy value). We apply DatalogW as the basis to give a uniform semantics to a weighted extension of the RT language family, called RTW. Moreover, we show that we can model the deduction and abduction reasoning with semiring-based soft constraints: deduction can validate or not the access request, while abduction can be used to compute the missing credentials if the access is denied and the level of preference that would grant the access..